Scientists have made new discoveries to supplement the observations of the James Web telescope with data from Chandra

Scientists have made new discoveries to supplement the observations of the James Web telescope with

The first images were taken by the James Webb telescope.

James Webb is designed to monitor infrared space, so the results of its work are greatly improved in combination with tools that are limited to other ranges, such as the Chandra Space Observatory, which specializes in X-rays.

In the first picture, Quintet Stefan, a group of five galaxies, four of which are constantly interacting and a fifth of which is located at some distance from them. The image of James Webb of the group allowed astronomers to see details that they had never seen before, primarily gas tails and intense star formation, and, in combination with the data of the "Chandra" and the now extant Spitzer telescope, the scientist was able to see a shock wave that warms the gas up to a few tens of millions of degrees. This wave is formed in one of the galaxies and passes through others at a speed of 3 million km/h.

No less curious is the image of a galaxy called Telega Wheel — its unique form of collision with a smaller galaxy that occurred 100 million years ago — a telescope called "Chandra" has shown that X-rays in this galaxy are being released by overheated gas, exploded stars, and neutron stars and black holes that absorb the substance of their stars.

In the accumulation of SMACS J0723 at a distance of 4.2 billion light-years from the Sun, James Webb and Chandra have detected a mass of about 100 trillion times the mass of the Sun, which is several times the total mass of the stars in the entire cluster. However, much remains to be examined: the mass of the dark matter here is equal to the mass of the gas, but the two telescopes are not yet available.

Perhaps the most beautiful image of the space cliff region in Keel's Nebula at a distance of 7,600 light years from the Earth was that of more than a dozen sources of X-ray radiation, most of which are located in the outer area of the star cluster. They range from 1 to 2 million years, and this is very little by space measure. Such stars are more intense in the X-ray range than old objects. The Chandra made it possible to distinguish the stars from the older stars in the Milky Way from those located in the Milky Way. The scientists also drew attention to the scattered X-ray radiation in the upper part of the image, possibly produced by the most massive and hottest stars outside the image area.

Throughout its life, James Webb will work with other machines, both space and earth, and the results promise to be equally important to science, perhaps no less beautiful.