That's why they don't bite: how biotechnology will get rid of mosquitoes

That's why they don't bite: how biotechnology will get rid of mosquitoes

In addition to discomfort at mosquito levels, mosquitoes pose far greater threats: according to data from the Centre for Hygienic Education of the population of Rossimnadzor, flying insects in the territory of the Russian Federation are carriers of the fever of Zeka, LZN, yellow fever, dyrophylariasis, encephalitis and a number of other major diseases; most of them have not yet found a specific method of treatment and prevention.

Do not underestimate the blood-sucking insects; mosquitoes are not simply considered to be the most dangerous creature for humans; on average, 750,000 people die each year from the diseases caused by their bite; this is a significant increase in the number of people killed by the second most dangerous being the human being.

Deadly Dangerous Beeping

In February of this year, WHO reported a doubling of the number of people infected with the Dengue virus alone and four deaths in 10 years, so it is important to think about precautionary measures and to limit the likelihood of infection by preventive means — the elimination of the source.

Simulating a human being

About a decade ago, researchers presented a fundamentally new strategy to confront mosquitoes and other blood-sucking parasites, which is based on the technology of fully simulating human life processes, such as sweating, breathing and heating, using a number of complex solutions: carbon dioxide in cylinders, temperature regulators, ultraviolet radiators,utractants and many other elements.

For example, the insect's CO2 flow is seen at a distance of several hundred metres, and with the use of special substances, the effective impact zone is increased in a number of ways, and they are called accoutrements, which are inherently concentric to compounds, most often alcohols released by the human body, and the most effective systems mix them with carbon dioxide and spray them in the air, increasing the rate of insect destruction by about ten times.

All the factors listed have been identified in research programmes that have been in place since the middle of the last century, and large-scale tests have been carried out on various types of insects in multi-variant conditions, and the pace of programme work has been accelerated by a sharp increase in funding from international organizations in response to the increase in infections.

At present, it is known that no particular factor is sufficient to lure an insect; they operate in a complex; as a result, attention to the details of laboratory observations and genome research has led to a breakthrough in the understanding of victim selection mechanisms and receptor devices in blood-sucking insects, as well as many other indirect findings.

Why animals and children?

It has been known for a long time that animals and humans are hunted by mosquito females. Of all the available victims, animals and children are the most likely to be targeted. The reason is very simple. The former have a sharper odor and temperature above the human being. In addition, mosquitoes, odors and blinds initially fed exclusively on animal blood, and their addiction to human beings is the effects of animal growth. For mosquitoes, children are "attractive" also because they sweat more, causing carbonic acids and ammonia. Although children are bitten slightly more often than adults: they are simply more visible. This is a child's experience and the sensitivity of young organisms to foreign bacteria that live on a parasite's hobot.

As a result, the target for the trap is marked, the mechanism is set up. After some time, the population of parasites is significantly reduced, sometimes even to total extinction. No real harm to a safe insect is caused by the plant, so bees can breathe with relief.

Why are the spirals against mosquitoes dangerous?

This technology still has its competitors in the form of chopsticks, pills and spirals, their main problems being the safety of the skin and the mucous shell of the people, and a very modest area of impact; they're more likely to scare off the bloodsucks, and they're coming back later without being too difficult, while some scientists agree that the burning of one spiral/drum is equivalent to the amount of dangerous microparticles that produces about a hundred cigarettes.

Nor should we forget the endless number of popular methods like eucalyptus and cloves, but wetting every corner on the oil supply is a very questionable story, which will fade over time, and the mosquitoes will in fact not hurt, and it only smells bad for them.

Pesticides kill everyone.

As for local chemistry, it's not that simple either.

In a recent interview, Ivan Vasiljević Patraman, a researcher at the Institute of Medical Parasite Science, Tropical and Transmission Diseases of E. I. Marcinovsky, commented on the topic: "The chemical method is harmful to useful insects and not only. It is important to take into account the consequences, especially for the harvest. It is important to inform all neighbours, to provide instruction. Such treatment is harmful to people, particularly children. There are certain chemicals that can have a very negative impact on animals. Massive pyrethroids cause severe disorders.

In addition, the global spread of insecticide programmes in the 1970s seriously delayed the process of insect research, which delayed the development of a safe method until a later date, and the negative side of the chemical treatment has already acquired documented evidence to date.

Biotechnology vs. mosquitoes

Due to the "reliability" and harmfulness of such a method, biotechnology is now the safest and most effective solution, especially for private properties where the preservation of ecosystem health is far more important than in conditional industrial enterprises.

The current niche can boast of a wide variety of components. There is a huge choice of ranges and temperature regimes. Most importantly, the ultimate mechanism for pest elimination also has a wide variety of variations.

Russian manufacturers have also succeeded in this area, e.g., the AERO brand systems have a powerful fan that drags insects inside the bag to prevent any escape from the trap. The devices use a mixture of the most efficient carbon dioxide attactant, realizing a radius of impact of up to 45 m and remaining completely safe for animals and children by refusing propane filling. Other features of the domestic system: the ability to operate under all weather conditions and the smart adaptation algorithm to changes in the environment.

As a result of the operation of the plant, the harmful insect population is reduced to 88 per cent on the basis of the declared manufacturer ' s guarantee.

In order to be as complete as possible, we have received advice from Ivan Vasiljevic regarding the optimal placement of systems of this type: "For starters, we should identify the site of insect fertilization and the conditional trajectory of the flights. These are, of course, water bodies and bushes. The device is better placed between these areas and the places where people accumulate. For example, between the pond and the veranda.

It is important to bear in mind that different subspecies of mosquitoes choose their conditions for fertilisation, but we are absolutely certain that all conditions involve areas of water, up to a barrel or bucket, closed from sunlight or with limited access, so we should also reduce the number of breeding sites. You can start by not leaving open containers of liquid on the street, as they say, on biotechnology, hoping, not bad.

It has long been clear that the advantage of biotechnology solutions lies in their performance; high standards and a very wide range of impacts are two obvious causes; above all, devices are highly variable and have enormous potential for purely technological development; this is how modern technologies easily solve the problem of eternity.