Love formula, moose dummy and treatment of cancer with ice cream: for which the Schnobel Prize was awarded

Love formula, moose dummy and treatment of cancer with ice cream: for which the Schnobel Prize was a

The Nobel Prize is awarded for outstanding scientific research, revolutionary inventions or major contributions to culture, or the development of society, and "Snobel" notes achievements that make people laugh and then think."

Which brings together the answers to the following questions:

  • Why are the bellies on the belly button always blue? Can you walk on the water on the moon? How can you turn a bra into a gas mask? What happens to grasshoppers while watching Star Wars?

In fact, there is only one thing in common: all these achievements have been marked in different years by the Schnobel Prize, and this year 10 more scientific works have won their prizes: paper cylinders "to store all their knowledge", as well as the $10 trillion of Zimbabwe's retirements.

Hearts of Lovers

Visits — especially blind dates — can be a special hell until something is "clicked" between the two people and they feel the inner connection and pull, are observed by scientists. To understand how this is happening, a group of researchers from the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and the self-governing State of Aruba have decided to figure out what should happen to make two people like each other.

For their research, they recruited 142 participants at three separate events in the Netherlands: a music festival, an art and science festival, and a science film festival. Experimental participants were introduced into a dating booth, where they sat at the opposite ends of a table with a plastic partition between them. The barrier opened for three seconds and immediately closed. This, according to the authors, gave the participants a quick first visual impression.

It then opened twice for two minutes so that the couple would communicate in a verbal and non-verbal manner. The participants would then decide if they would go on a new date. Only 17% of the pairs had arrived. The researchers measured all possible indicators, but it turned out that the signs of success were a synchronous heartbeat and a coincidence of electric conductivity of the skin.

To find and find evidence that when new romantic partners meet for the first time and feel attracted to each other, their heartbeat syncs.

Ice cream for chemotherapy

Oncological patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy have a high probability of developing a condition known as oral mucusitis, which is related to the fact that toxic treatment destroys epithelial cells that purify the gastrointestinal tract, making them vulnerable to infection.

In general, cryotherapy is used to combat this effect: a patient needs to spread ice, but it is unpleasant and many patients miss treatment, especially children. Polish scientists have found an alternative: ice cream.

For their research, they involved 74 patients who had undergone stem cell transplants as part of cancer treatment, and their cryotherapy included three "doses" of ice cream selected from the hospital canteen , which showed that only 28.85 per cent of patients who were treated for ice cream had developed oral mucusitis, compared to 59 per cent in the control group that used ice.

To prove that the side effects of chemotherapy are reduced by replacing one of the components of the treatment with ice cream.

Crash.

Losy is a frequent participant in the Scandinavian accident: about 13 such clashes occur every year in Sweden alone, most recently in May, when the salmon mother gives up her one-year-old progeny so that the baby can learn to stand up for himself. Young salmon run to the roads and often die or have consequences for the participants in the accident.

Swedish researchers Magnus Gens pointed out that cars are safe for passengers, but that threats of meeting wild animals are ignored. The researcher, along with Saab, has decided to build a viable crash test dummy that car manufacturers could use in their safety research and development.

The scientist performed anatomic research and computer simulations that showed how the mass of the moose is distributed and how the animal body reacts to the impact. After a small 3D model, he built his dummy with 116 rubber plates, supplemented by various steel parts that bind them together.

Initially, Hans planned to model his legs with steel wire or chains, but it wouldn't match the equal distribution of the mass on the elk's leg, but instead he used four thin wires with rubber discs.

After the assembly, the scientist tested the mannequin at the Saab plant using a modern model of the manufacturer and an old Volvo. The scientist conducted two collisions of cars moving at 92 and 72 km/h respectively, and the results showed that "battered cars are very similar to those in real salmon crashes" and that the dummy is reliable and reusable in several crash tests.

To developing a crash test moose dummy.

Legal letter

Contracts, agreements, laws and other legal instruments are known for their impermeable jargon and complex structure of proposals. Perhaps that's why few people read a confidentiality agreement or a licence to a program. Some scientists say that this complexity is rational because it is a special system of expertise, others that laws are based on simple concepts that can be easily explained.

Researchers from Canada, the United States, Britain, and Australia have decided to check which of these hypotheses is correct and whether the laws can be understood, first analysing the database of legal contracts and court documents from 2018 to 2020 and comparing this analysis with the database of documents in standard English.

The researchers looked for different features of legal documents in ordinary texts. For example, they looked for phrases written in capital letters, using jargon terms and passive bail. Then excerpts from legal documents were offered to read to volunteers. It turned out that the most difficult thing for a reader was centralization, where legal jargon included in elaborate syntax.

For analysing what makes legal instruments too difficult to understand.

What else did you get the prize for?

Schnobel Prize for Biology from Brazil and Colombia

To examine whether the constipation affects the prospects for scorpion mating and how

Engineering Schnobel Prize for Japanese Researchers

For trying to open up the most effective way for people to use their fingers when turning a pen.

Schnobel Award for Art History to a group of scientists from the Netherlands, Guatemala, the United States and Austria

For an interdisciplinary approach to the ritual enema scenes on the ancient Mayan pottery

Schnobel Prize in Physics for two groups of researchers from China, the United Kingdom, Turkey and the United States

For trying to figure out how ducklings can swim in a building.

The Schnobel Peace Prize for Scientists from Different Countries

For developing an algorithm that helps gossip decide when to tell the truth and when to lie

Schnobel Economic Award for Italian Researchers

The mathematical explanation of why success is most often not the most talented, but the most successful.