Dead bodies, ghost village and tank: What else has "came up" to the surface due to heat

Dead bodies, ghost village and tank: What else has "came up" to the surface due to heat

The summer heat caused drought and lower water levels, and as a result, archaeologists and anthropologists had a unique opportunity to explore hard-to-reach places without resources and time to extract artifacts. For example, scientists found traces of wreckage, a ghost village, and even an ancient city, Bloomberg reports.

Signs of World War II in Rome

The drought in Italy helped experts discover the artifacts of the Second World War and the architecture of Nero's reign.

The months without rain and the earlier melting of snow in the Alps led to the depletion of the Po River — the longest in the Italian River — to the lowest level in 70 years. In June, Hytech showed an animation based on the data of the Copernicus Sentinel-2 satellite.

Now, in the dry course of the river, artifacts of the Second World War were discovered, namely a German tank and cargo vessels.

Nero Bridge in Rome

Meanwhile, in Rome, the drought sharpened the Tibr River and exposed a bridge that was believed to have been built during the reign of Emperor Nero, Pons Neronianus.

"The rest of this Roman bridge is visible every time Tibra's water level falls," said Live Robert Coates-Stevens, an archaeologist at the British School in Rome.

Several sources also reported to the publication that the bridge might have been built prior to the emperor's rule. "The origin of the bridge is unknown, given that it probably existed here before Nero's rule, and therefore Pons Neronianu was probably a reconstruction of the earlier river crossing," noted Live Nicholas Temple, professor of architecture history at the University of Metropolitan London.

The name Pons Neronianus "only appears for the first time in the catalogues of Roman monuments of the 12th century", concluded a scientist.

Dead bodies in the desert

At the end of July, NASA released satellite images of Lake Mead, the largest reservoir in the United States, showing that the water level had dropped to its lowest point since 1937.

According to the United States Aerospace Agency, the reservoir is now 27% full and the water level continues to fall, and the water that is located in the two states, Nevada and Arizona, is at a historic minimum, and it is noteworthy that it also looked like a water body when it was first filled in the spring of 1937.

The water level that has fallen has brought many surprises, but not archaeologists but police and forensic anthropologists. For example, in the last four months, the Las Vegas police have discovered four bodies in three months. The police are preparing for new corpses. "There is a very high probability that we will find more human remains as water levels fall," quoted Curier as police officer Ray Spencer.

One of the bodies was reportedly in a barrel. The remains of another man belonged to a young man who died in 1958 at the age of 22 while riding a boat with a friend. Another set of bones belonged to a murder victim that occurred in the mid-1970s and 1980s. No further comments have yet been received, and the authorities are still investigating.

Mesopotamia's treasure

In December 2021, retreating waters during severe drought discovered a 3,400-year-old town along the Tigris River in Iraq, which, as Haytech previously wrote, made it easier for the Archaeology team to investigate the ruins and map most of the settlement before it was further affected by climate change or destroyed.

In just a few days, a group was assembled for emergency excavations, sponsored by the Fritz Tissen Foundation, and the German-Kurd archaeological group dated all the buildings of the flooded city, which turned out to belong to the time of the Mittani Empire, which controlled most of the northern Mesopotamia and Syria.

Iraq is one of the most affected countries by climate change. In order to prevent the drying of crops, since December, a large amount of water has been extracted from the Mosul reservoir, the most important reservoir of water in Iraq, which has led to the revival of the city of the bronze age, which was flooded decades ago without any prior archaeological research, and is located in Kemun, in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

Spanish Ghost Village

In February 2022, something similar happened — a flooded settlement in Spain after the drought had destroyed a dam on the Spanish-Portuguese border — and the village of Aseredo in north-west Spain in the Galicia region was flooded in 1992 to create an Alto-Lindoso reservoir; now, the newly resurgent ruins attract tourists who want to see the village after decades of under water.

Scientists expect Galicia to continue to suffer from extreme dry periods. "The drought risk will increase in this area in the coming decades", scientists point out.