Child surfing and skiing
The first shell, which could be considered an ancestor of snowboarding, appeared in Hawaii about 100 B.C.E. and rode the grass.
The ancient Hawaiian protosnomore was called Heʹehölua, with a length of almost 4 metres and a width of only 15 centimetres. The board weighed between 14 and 30 kilos and grew to 80 km/h. In the 19th century, English travelers first saw a race for the speed-deploying of He~ehölua and were deeply impressed. However, despite its ancient roots, the Olympic sport snowboarding was only recently launched in 1998.
The first modern snowboard prototypes appeared in the 1930s. The official date of snowboarding's birth is 1964. Serfingist Sherman Poppen patented a sports projectile called "snerf", which created his daughters to ride more fun off a roller coaster. This projectile was two connected mountain skis with a rope in the front and did not have a shoe anchorage. In 1965, the snerf was launched into mass production and became a popular funny for children and young people.
After 10 years of snerfing, the legendary figures: Dimitri Milovich, Tom Sims and Jake Burton broke into the industry.
Milovich founded Winterstick, experimented with materials for the board itself and the shape, obtained a patent for the shape of a "weather tail", followed by a "snowboard with metal kantes", and entered the snowboard history as the first to cast a waist on the shell.
Tom Sims was a pioneer in skateboarding and who moved the new projectile, the snowboard, to the ski resorts and promoted its promotion. The first snowboard was made by him in 1976: the shell was named Sims Snowboard.
But the world's main "circumcious" snowboards are considered to be the insoluble Jake Burton, and in 1977, this young man, obsessed with the idea of improving the surf, founded his own company in Vermont.
The first snowboard, Burton, was a flexible wooden board with water ski anchorages. The name "snerf" was already patented by Sherman Poppin, so Burton gave his shell a new name, which became history as a snowboard. Today, Burton is the leading company in the industry.
Plastics as a Foundation
In 1980, both Burton and Winterstick, working in parallel to improve snowboarding, developed almost simultaneously new synthetic material for the sliding surface of snowboard, P-Tex, graphite-based polyethylene.
Now the best material for the base is ultra-high molecular polyethylene, which, by virtue of its density, slips perfectly, rots perfectly, is resistant to damage, and absorbs paraffins well.
This material is not suitable for any form of sport projectile production; however, it is quite widely used in industry, but the production of sport projectiles requires a special modification of SVP, which will have two essential properties: it must form a very thin but super-strength layer of 1-2 mm thickness and must be adhesia-sensitive.
Most of the UMMA modifications are very bad, and only special additives, as well as special material processing techniques, can provide a strong clutch of the slipper and heart.
In fact, plastic burns and hits with a lot of lightning — all to break the endless molecular bonds in its upper layer and make it capable of connecting with glue molecules.
There are now only three factories in the world, all located in Europe and the United States, and Russian production has to buy raw materials through intermediaries at a high price, and because of the geopolitical situation, the acquisition of the necessary components has become even more difficult.
"Our Routine Research Centre has a long history of research into the development of new formulas for JMME," says the head of the TDR Group, the director of the NITZ Rump, the President of the Federation of Sports Equipment Producers of the Russian Federation, Nikita Ryabin. "In two years of work, the original Russian version of the JMME formula, which is ideal for the production of sports equipment, is being developed and tested. For 2022, the TDR Group, plans to launch its own SVPE extrudence line, which will be the only one in the Russian Federation. This project will play an important role in importing and helping to produce high-quality mountain skis and snowboards in the country at attractive prices. Moreover, SVMEP has a high export potential; it is ready to buy sports equipment in China, because with a higher price and lower transport costs, SVP will have a high quality comparable to European counterparts."
Today, Russian skis and snowboards are produced using sandwich technology, where composite materials are placed on two sides of a wooden heart and on top of them are used to carry layers of special plastic.
Snowboard producers often use glass fibre, but in the last decade the sports equipment market has developed innovative technologies that are used in aviation, missile and defence industries.
For example, TRB Group uses kevlar, carbon and carbon-armid mix — these materials are manufactured in defense plants.
The thickness and shape of the layers of composition may vary. Material may not be applied to the entire surface of the shell, but to parts, which may result in different characteristics of the finished product.
The presence of high-tech composites in a sports projectile allows a variety of tasks to be performed: it allows for more rigidity, extinguishes vibration, gives higher thorsion rigidity, and a faster re-entry of snowboards after a stunt or a turn-off, which becomes increasingly important with the increasing skill of the Ryder, but even the amateur will feel the difference in skating.
That's what it's all about.
When making snowboards, it's important which layers are glued, but not less requirements are imposed on the way you connect them. If you break the technology, the layers are just gonna fall apart from the loads.
For the production of ski equipment, professional compositions should be used; until recently, they were produced only in Europe and the United States, and Clay was one of the most expensive components in snowboard production, given the price per kilogram.
"As early as 2016, the Group began developing its own formula for epoxy compounds," says the founder of Nikit Ryabin. "The first Russian samples produced by the results of the research were launched in 2017. We now have several types of formulations that are manufactured according to our own formulas. High-quality Russian glue is almost 10 times cheaper than foreign analogs."
A Good Old Tree
Despite the great importance of high-tech components, the core of quality snowboards is still produced from the traditional material, which is solid wood, the main layer, the snowboard's heart, and it is very much the feeling of rolling.
Some manufacturers make hearts made of popol, spruce, or pine. These are practical and inexpensive materials, but they give way to other species of wood by hardness, vibrancy, and speed of returning the shell to its original form under load.
TRB Group uses a combination of beech, beech, and maple to create hearts.
The thin side edge of the snowboard is called the Sidewall, and this is another part of the snowboard where the tree can be used. Sidewall has a lot of pressure, because it takes hits, contacts water, ferry, ice. Various technologies are used to strengthen it. A strong and flexible polyurethane is popular. In addition, TPB Group uses leafwood to strengthen it.