China is developing several satellites to search for water ice on the southern pole of the Moon as part of the Chan & 7 mission, which is scheduled to be launched in 2024, but it will not be easy to land in the region. There are large numbers of craters and the actual absence of landing plains.
China's Moon exploration programme is divided into four main phases: the first was simply to reach the moon orbit through the Changye-1 and Changye-2 missions in 2007 and 2010.
The fourth stage is the establishment of a robotic research station in the southern pole of the Moon, and the presence of water ice in the region was confirmed in 2018 at the bottom of several permanently shaded craters.
There's a dangerous landing ahead of us.
The first part of this new phase will begin with the Chan & 7 mission. As part of this project, China is developing a set of five spacecraft: an orbiter, a repeater satellite, a landing vehicle, a rover and a "mini aircraft" capable of examining nearby craters for water ice traces, and a competition has been launched among Chinese institutions to develop various payloads.
However, landing on the southern pole of the moon will be difficult for China. Chanhae-7 will demand "," said Wu Weyren, the chief designer of China's Moon Research Program. "
If this mission is successful, Chan & 8 will then test several technologies on the ground, such as in situ resource utilization, oxygen extraction and 3D printing on the Moon in preparation for the future moon base.
It should also be recalled that the American Artemis-1 mission, which is due to be launched in a few months, will carry an instrument whose task will also be to detect the presence of water ice in permanently shaded craters near the moon poles.