SpaceX's first private access to outer space is planned

SpaceX's first private access to outer space is planned

Jared Isaacman, founder and CEO of Shift4 and commander of the first private orbital mission Inspiration4, plans to develop three more space missions in conjunction with SpaceX. One will include the first private space access and the other a flight on board Starship.

On September 15, 2021, four unprofessional cosmonauts launched a spaceship called SpaceX Resilience within the framework of Inspiration4

Polyaris programme

Based on the success of this mission, Jared Isaacman, who initiated the project, now wants to launch three more private missions, the goal of which is to conduct biological research and fund-raising. The first mission under this programme should not take off before the end of the year under Isaacman's own command. Once again, the astronauts will fly aboard the SpaceX Crew Dragon capsule. This first mission, called Polaris Dawn, should last five days. It will take off on a Falcon ship from the 39A of the Kennedy NASA Space Center in Florida.

Initially, the mission's goal is to rise to a height of more than 1373 km. The goal is to break the record established in 1966 by the astronauts "Jemini-11" Charles Pete Conrad and Richard Dick Gordon. A couple reached the moon a few years later, but the record of "Jemini-11" remains the highest Earth orbit ever achieved by astronauts.

At the highest altitude, the Polaris Dawn mission will cross some of Van Allen's radiation belt, which will allow for the collection of data on the health effects of space-based radiation.

In this flight, Isaacman will be accompanied by Scott Kidd Potit, a retired lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Air Force, and a mission specialist, Sarah Gillis, who supervises the SpaceX astronaut training programme, as well as Chief Medical Officer Anna Menon, SpaceX Chief of Space Operations.

After landing about 500 kilometres above the Earth, at least two members of the Polaris Dawn crew will attempt the first ever commercial entrance into outer space.

The Dragon capsule of SpaceX does not have a lock cell; therefore, before opening the hatch, the entire cab will be desealed. To carry out off-ship activities, the crew will wear new spaceX suites. It is clear that they will be improved in comparison with the company's spaceX suites.

The flight plan for the second Polaris mission will be developed on the basis of what the crew and SpaceX will learn from the first mission. Finally, the third flight is expected to take place on board Starship.