Astrophysicists from the University of Bonn and St. Andrews studied the behavior of dwarf galaxy in the Pecs cluster, and the results show that there are no dark matter ores predicted by the standard cosmological model around these galaxies.
The Carlic galaxy is a small, weak galaxy that is usually found in clusters of galaxies or near larger galaxies, which can be influenced by the gravitational effects of their larger satellites.
Recent observations show that some of these "carlics" seem distorted as if they were outraged by the environment of the cluster. Astrophysics calculated, on the basis of a standard cosmological model, the expected level of concern of the galaxies, which depends on their internal properties and the distance to the powerful gravitational center of the cluster.
The results of the observations were not consistent with the calculations. Using a standard cosmological model, gravitational effects from the concentration centre were long overdue. For comparison, scientists tried to model the behaviour of galaxies in terms of the alternative MOND theory. To their surprise, this theory was found to fully explain the observed distortions of the "carlics".
We were not sure that dwarf galaxies would survive the extreme conditions of the MOND cluster of galaxies due to the absence of dark matter in this model of protective eagles, but our results show an excellent match between the observations and the expectations of the MOND with regard to the level of distortion of the "carlicks" of the Pec.
According to the standard cosmological model, the vast majority of galaxies are surrounded by an ore of dark matter particles; this halo is invisible, but its mass causes a strong gravitational pull to neighbouring galaxies, including protecting galaxies from external gravity forces.
Instead of suggesting dark matter oreols surrounding the galaxy, the MOND theory proposes an amendment to the Newtonian dynamic, which increases gravity in a small acceleration mode. Previously, "Hytech" explained in detail the alternative cosmological theory.
Photo by ESO, Aniello Grado, Luca Limatola