Rover Curiosity started exploring Mars 10 years ago

Rover Curiosity started exploring Mars 10 years ago

The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration has reached an important milestone, marking the tenth anniversary of its landing on the surface of the Red Planet on August 6, 2012 at 08:17 Moscow time.

Over the past decade, Curiosity has greatly expanded the human image of Mars through research, the main objective of the rover has been to find evidence that the planet was lifeable in the past. During past missions, scientists have already established that water was present on Mars and, in fact, is now present in the form of ice, but water alone is not enough to sustain life.

," told Abigail Freiman NASA.

In order to detect the key factors that prove Mars's viability for life, the Curiosity design has tools for drilling the planet's surface and spectrometers, such as Sample Analysis at Mars, used to analyse the samples obtained from drilling. During the first years of its stay on the surface of the Red Planet, the Mars was able to detect all the key components necessary for the existence of life.

," told Freiman.

A study of the rock and soil of Mars also provided new information on groundwater.

In ten years of research, Curiosity has discovered much more than just life-saving elements. In the design of the Mars, there are radiation detectors, environmental and atmospheric sensors, which have shown themselves well on Mars. For example, during the journeys when Curosity was approaching geological formations, such as rocks and hills, the tools of the Mars have determined that rocks block radiation radiation.

Although it was originally assumed that Curiosity would last just under two Earth years, after a decade, the rover continues to be in relatively good condition — good enough to continue its work. On the rover's wheels, there are many cracks in the time that it took to overcome about 28 km on the surface of Mars, but it is still able to move on.

" noted Freiman.

In the future, scientists expect that Curiosity will help us understand what happened to the climate of Mars, which was once suitable for life, as well as how long the planet has preserved these properties.