India will build the world's largest floating solar power plant, 0.6 GW

India will build the world's largest floating solar power plant, 0.6 GW

India is planning to become the world's leader not only in the area of solar power plants, but also in one of the world's first floating solar power plants, and the recent agreement to establish the world's largest floating solar power plant with a capacity of 600 MW is in the order of magnitude more powerful than the systems that have been created so far.

In addition, the placement of solar panels on water allows for the smoothing of daily temperature fluctuations of panels and equipment, which increases their lifetime, and water directly cools the panels, as is usually the cool breeze above it, which is the way to maintain the high efficiency of panels in the process of converting light into electricity.

The new project, Omkareshwar Floating Solar, will be implemented in two phases. In the first phase, the contracting companies AMP Energy, NHDC and SJVN will deploy three units of a 278 MW floating power plant. The project manager, Rewa Ultra Mega Solar Limited, will then select contractors for the second phase, during which an additional 300 MW will be put into operation.

The construction of a floating power plant is estimated at 30 billion Indian rupees, equivalent to $378.7 million.

Indian operators have extensive experience in the management of floating solar stations: last month, for example, the Indian company NTCC completed the installation of 100 MW solar panels on a reservoir in the town of Ramagundam in the state of Telangana in the south of the country, with a floating area of 243 hectares, a reduction of 70 per cent or 2 billion m3 per year, and the same company had previously installed two floating stations in other parts of the country, one with a capacity of 25 MW and the other with a capacity of 92 MW.

In addition to solar power plants on lakes and reservoirs, the direction of offshore floating solar power plants is being actively developed, led by Singapore, although other countries in South-East Asia are trying to follow the same route.