The recently discovered Church of the Sun was built with cheese bricks, at least 60 metres long and 20 metres wide, and found in the building a G-shaped Pistol, an interior yard, storage rooms and premises that might have been used for rituals.
All the walls of this building have been plastered in black and white, and the traces of red and blue painting are often visible.
The temple was built during the reign of the fifth dynasty of ancient Egypt from about 2465 B.C. to 2323 B.C.E. During this period, the worship of the Sun reached its apogee by building a monument of a new type dedicated to the god Ra, told Massimiliano Nuzzolo, a co-manager of archaeological excavations and a researcher at the Institute of Mediterranean and Eastern Cultures of the Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw, who is leading with Rosana Pirelli of the University of the East in Italy.
The cult of the sun was one of the most powerful in ancient Egypt's religion, and in later times Ra merged with Amon, the main god of Fiv, and was formed by Amon-Ra, whom at least some Egyptians considered to be the most powerful of Egypt's gods; he was worshiped some 1,500 years ago, until Egyptian politicalism ended.