Surgeons use virtual reality to separate Siamese twins

Surgeons use virtual reality to separate Siamese twins

The surgeons have just successfully performed an extraordinary operation: separated the Siamese twins, who have been tied to their heads and brains since birth; one of the keys to this success lies in virtual reality.

"" said surgeon Nour ul Owasa Jilani to the British news agency PA Media, which published an article about it, and the story was also reported by BBC. Arthur and Bernardo are the oldest Kraniopagian twins who were separated at the age of almost four.

According to Gemini Untwined, a charity working on this topic, one of the 600,000 births of Siamese twins is born. Of these 1/60000, only 5 are craniopags. Many of these twins also survive only a short time after birth. In other words, surgeons encounter very rare cases.

This operation, which involves connected brains, has very obvious dangers. Prior to this operation, the twins had several unsuccessful operations. In order to minimize the risks, the medics decided to run various tests this time in virtual reality. Using MRI and CT images, the surgeons collaborated with virtual reality engineers. This allowed them to obtain a three-dimensional model of anatomy for both children.

Such simulations have allowed them not only to gain a clearer understanding of the situation but also to practice. Surgeons from different countries have been able to gather together in virtual "operative" and to carry out various studies together without any danger." "Nur ul Owase Jilani said, referring to the integration of virtual reality."

After a few months of preparation, this operation lasted more than 27 hours and involved about 100 people, and the operation was carried out in Rio de Janeiro under the leadership of the Great Ormond Street Hospital in London. The separation was successful and the twins are now undergoing a rehabilitation course in the hospital. Their blood pressure and heart rate remained very high, as was the case for all Siamians after their separation, says the surgeon, and then they will undergo six months of rehabilitation.

In addition to the particular case of craniopagus, surgeons hope that their approach will be useful in many other cases in the future.