12 of the world's deadliest tornadoes in history

12 of the world's deadliest tornadoes in history

Whether our technologies are perfect or how well we know the laws of nature, we will always be at the mercy of our Mother Nature. On average, some 600,000 people die a year from natural disasters, accounting for about 0.1 per cent of all deaths in the world.

Although earthquakes and floods are considered far more deadly, tornadoes can be destructive and life-threatening, some of the deadliest tornadoes have occurred in recent history.

The tornado is a rapidly rotating wind of the air, one end of which is linked to cloud cover, usually with heavy rain, and the other end to the surface of the earth below, with the United States experiencing about 1,200 tornadoes every year, more than any other nation in the world.

How are tornadoes measured?

Tornado intensity is usually measured by the damage it has caused; although real-time measurement is also an option, it is not sufficient for large-scale use.

The most widely used tornado rating system is the Fujita scale, which has six different categories in the range F0 to F5. Based on wind speed and overall level of destruction, the tornado can be divided into one of six categories. The Fujita scale has been replaced by an improved version in the United States and Canada.

It's very similar to the Fujita scale, the TORO scale is also used to measure the gravity of the tornado, but it's only used in the UK, and the 12 deadliest tornados in history are listed below.

12. Amit and Purvis Tornado

Intensity: F5

Tornado Amit and Purvis were part of a catastrophic Tornado Dixie outbreak that affected 11 different states in the Middle West and the South of the United States, and the Tornado appeared near Livingstone, Louisiana, on April 24, 1908.

First, he hit Amita, killing 29 people and leveling up almost all the high buildings, and in Purvis, the number of deaths reached 55, the eighth death tornado in U.S. history.

11. Joplin Tornado

Intensity: EF5 : Total death: 158 Damage: $2.8 billion.

Joplin's catastrophic tornado was a repeated vortex tornado that destroyed more than half of Joplin's city in late May 2011 and was part of a much larger series of tornado outbreaks.

At its peak, the tornado reached about 1.6 km wide and was the most destructive, the weird thing about the tornado was how fast it grew in size and intensity, and it destroyed about 7,000 buildings, most of which were residential in Joplin, as well as Jasper and Newton districts.

Tornado Joplin remains the most expensive and seventh death tornado in the country's history, at a cost of $2.8 billion.

10. Glazer-Higgins-Woodward Tornado

Intensity: F5 Total deaths: 181 Tornado Glazer-Higgins-Woodwards were part of a single superb tornado that hit the American States of Texas, Oklahoma and Kansas on 9 April 1947. The original tornado originated in Texas, near the city of White Deer, before reaching Higgins, it destroyed small cities in Canada and Glazer, killing more than 60 people in Texas alone.

It then moved to Oklahoma and Kansas, leveling almost everything in its path, killing about 107 people in Woodward, Oklahoma.

9. Gainesville Tornado

Intensity: F4 Total death: 203 Casualties: $13 million In April 1936, a total of 12 tornadoes hit the south-west of the United States, which turned out to be the second lethal tornado outbreak in the country. Two tornadoes of the outbreak were identified in terms of severity, and the Heinsville Tornado was one of them.

On 6 April, two separate tornadoes came together near the town of Gainesville in Georgia, and within minutes the entire centre of the city of Gainesville was destroyed, and it is reported that some 203 people died as a result of the disaster.

On the other hand, Gainsville is the only small city in the United States where two tornadoes with F4 intensity have been registered in its history.

8. Tupelo Tornado

Intensity: F5 Total deaths: 216 Damage: $3 million

The Tornado in Tupelo was part of a tornado outbreak in Tupelo Gainesville, which took place from 5 to 6 April 1936. On the 5th, the day before the events in Gainesville, a massive and much more destructive tornado hit the town of Mississippi in Tupelo.

The tornado has completely wiped out most of the city ' s residential area, comprising about 48 urban areas and 200 to 900 houses, and at least a dozen large mansions have also been destroyed.

Among those who were saved that day were a mother and a one-year-old boy, who later became the greatest musician the world had ever seen, his name was Elvis Presley.

7. St. Louis-East St. Louis Tornado

Maximum intensity: F5 Total deaths: 250+

St. Louis Tornado was part of the order of the tornado outbreak that took place in May 1896, affecting large parts of the Central and Southern United States, one of the cruelest and most destructive tornadoes in the world.

The total amount of tornado damage was $10 million or $2.2 billion after normalization, at least 250 people died and thousands were left homeless.

6. Great Natchez Tornado

Death: 317 Damage: $1.2 million

On May 7, 1840, the tornado formed over the city of Natchez and moved along the Mississippi River, destroying everything.

More people were killed on the river than on land because a strong gust of wind destroyed every small and medium boat present in the area, a total of more than 300 people were killed and hundreds were seriously injured, which is likely to be much higher, as the deaths of slaves were not always included in the official records.

5. Tornado outbreak in the USSR in 1984

Intensity: F5 Deaths: 400

The Tornado outbreak in the Soviet Union, also known as the Ivanovian Tornado, struck northern Moscow on 9 June 1984, with a total of eleven tornadoes confirmed, at least three of which had an F3 or higher intensity.

The most destructive group emerged from the city of Ivanovo, which claimed more than 90 lives, which remains the most deadly and deadly tornado outbreak in European history.

4. Tornado Sicily

Total deaths: 500

The tornado, especially the strong, is not common in Italy; perhaps the deadliest tornado in Italy's history was the Sicilian tornado of 1851.

The Sicilian tornado was two tornadoes that struck western Sicily, most likely in December 1851, and the tornado destroyed the cities of Marsala and Castellammare, killing 500 people, perhaps more.

3. Grand Harbor in Vallet Tornado

Total deaths: at least 600

On 23 September 1551, Malta's large harbour was hit by a destructive tornado, a tornado that is essentially a tornado that arises from large water bodies, and the ground Tornado can also migrate into the water.

The Tornado's intensity, Grand Harbour 1551, is estimated to have killed T7,600 people.

2. Tornado Three States

Intensity: F5 Total deaths: < 700

The Tornado of the three states was the longest and most deadly tornado in the history of the United States. On 18 March 1921, it first appeared as a small vortex cloud over Moore in Missouri, the United States.

By the time he entered the southern Illinois, the tornado had completely turned into a giant spiral wind that destroyed everything in its path, and before dispersing, it had leveled several cities in the south Indiana.

It is estimated that the total monetary losses caused by a tornado from three States will amount to about $1.4 billion, and about 15,000 homes, 9 schools and a factory have been destroyed in three states.

1. Dowlatpur-Saturia Tornado

Intensity: F3 Total deaths: 1,300

Perhaps the deadliest tornado took place on 26 April 1989 in the Manikganj region of Bangladesh, which is one of the few countries in South Asia that is periodically affected by destructive tornadoes.

The storm of the Daulatpur-Saturian tornado had a width of more than a kilometre and passed 80 kilometres into the Dhaka region.

More than 20 villages and several major cities have been wiped out by the storm, some 800,000 people have lost their homes because of poor infrastructure and disaster preparedness, and it is estimated that 1,300 people have died.