Scientists denied the leading theory of black holes

Scientists denied the leading theory of black holes

Black holes with different light signatures, which were considered to be the same objects at different angles, are in fact at different stages of the life cycle.

A new study of black holes, some of which are active galaxy kernels, has shown that there is a need to re-examine the commonly used "one model of ANAG", which characterizes supermassive black holes as objects with the same properties.

A new study will help researchers to create more accurate models of the evolution of the universe and to understand how black holes develop.

"These subjects have been perplexing researchers for more than half a century," said Tonym Tasnim Ananna, a researcher at the University of Dartmouth and lead author of a new article in a press release for the study. Over time, we have made many assumptions about the physics of these objects. Now we know that the properties of hidden black holes differ significantly from those of the JAG, which are not so much hidden."

It is believed that supermassive black holes are at the centre of almost all major galaxies, including the Milky Way, which absorb galaxy gas, dust and stars, and can become heavier than small galaxies, and for decades researchers have been interested in the light signatures of active galaxy kernels, such as supermassive black holes, which are "accumulated" or are rapidly growing.

In the late 1980s, astronomers realized that the light signatures that come from space, ranging from radio waves to X-rays, belong to JAG. It was assumed that objects usually had a donut ring — or tort — from gas and dust around them. It was thought that the difference in luminance and color of an object varied according to the angle of observation and how much of the torah closed the view.

Therefore, the single ANAG theory has become dominant, according to which if you look at a black hole through a pond, it must seem weak, and if it's bright from the bottom or top of the ring, but according to the new work, past research has relied too heavily on data from less darked objects and distorted observations.

The new study focuses on how fast black holes feed on space matter, or on their accretion rate, and scientists have shown that the rate of accretion does not depend on the mass of the black hole, but varies according to the extent to which it is hidden by the gasp ring.

"This confirms the idea that the torove structures around black holes are not always the same," explains Ryan Hickox, professor of physics and astronomy and co-author of the study. "There is a relationship between the structure and the way it grows."

The new study confirms that there are new differences between the different populations of the AJG. When a black hole comes in at a high rate, the energy blows out the dust and gas. As a result, it is likely not to be darker and to look brighter, and on the contrary, the less active AJG is surrounded by a denser thor and appears to be weaker.