In China, they decided to build a huge, reusable missile like Starship Ilona Mask

In China, they decided to build a huge, reusable missile like Starship Ilona Mask

According to earlier plans for China's space programme, the Moon and Mars were about to be taken over by a one-time super-bore Changjeng-9 launch vehicle.

It is known that a one-time version of a three-stage Changjeng-9 launch vehicle with four accelerators should be 103 m long with the diameter of the main step 10 m. The launch mass of the missile would be as high as 4,140 tons. Changjeng-9 would be capable of raising 140 tons to low Earth orbit or bringing 50 tons to the orbit of the Moon. Changjeng-9 would be adopted by 2030 to realize China's moon ambitions.

The first stage and the Chanjeng-9 accelerators will drive the YF-130 dual-pump engines with a capacity of 500 tonnes per kerosene and liquid oxygen; the second stage will be driven by the YF-90 engines with a capacity of 220 tonnes on liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen with a ramped combustion cycle; all new engines have successfully undergone fire tests since last year; the third stage will be driven by a vacuum optimized engine with liquefied oxygen and hydrogen fuel.

Last year, the developer presented a multiple-stage first-stage version for Changzhen-9 on kerosene and oxygen fuel without the use of lateral accelerators; the first step in such a version would have to be equipped with 16 360-ton engines assembled in clusters; 120-ton liquid oxygen and hydrogen engines were to be used for the second and third stages.

According to up-to-date information, the version of "Chanjeng-9" will become a completely reusable version, like Starship Ilona Maska. The length of a fully reusable Chanjeng-9 rocket will reach 110 m with a base diameter of 10.6 m, and the jet mass will reach 4,122 tonnes. The fuel for 26 grouped 200-ton first-stage engines will each become methane and liquid oxygen — a relatively new word for Chinese practical space, but this is in line with a modern approach around the world — so cleaner and less difficult to pull in engines.

Like a one-time version, a reusable Changjeng-9 will be able to release 150 tons of payloads into low Earth orbit, 65 tons into geosynchronous orbit or 50 tons into near moon orbit. A fully reusable superb rocket could be established by 2035 to support China's permanent presence on the Moon and to plan missions to Mars.